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periodontal disease

Periodontal Disease

Signs, Causes and Treatments

Plaque and tarter lead to Gingivitis, the first form of Periodontal Disease. Regular checkups, dental cleanings and good oral hygiene will prevent the onset of this condition.

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Periodontal Gum Disease

Surprisingly, results show that practically 80 percent of our U.S. adult population will develop gum infections or periodontal disease. Plano Parkway Dental has treated two types of gum infections ranging from a mild form called gingivitis and a more advanced form known as periodontitis. If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, you may have developed gingivitis: red, swollen, or bleeding gums. With proper dental care, these symptoms are easily remedied. The more advanced periodontal disease exists when your bacterial infections affect not only your gums but also attacks the bone that supports your teeth. Let's take a closer look.

The Types of Periodontal Diseases

periodontal disease plano

As mentioned, periodontal disease develops in two forms: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease and causes usually little or no discomfort at this stage. You can reverse gingivitis with professional treatment and good dental care at home by regularly brushing and flossing, but if you allow gingivitis to persist, it can progress to periodontitis, an irreversible, chronic infection in the pockets surrounding the teeth.

When a dental care routine is not in place, plaque, a sticky material made of bacteria, mucus, and food debris, develops on the exposed parts of your teeth. Plaque causes tooth decay. If not removed, plaque turns into a hard deposit called tartar, settling at the base of the tooth. Together or alone, plaque and tartar can cause receding or inflamed gums. Bacteria, and the toxins they manufacture, cause the gums to become infected, swollen, and tender which can damage the bond of the gums and bone, often resulting in tooth loss.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

You are the first defense against periodontal disease by practicing good dental care and scheduling your routine dental checkups; nevertheless, no matter how preventative you may be, if you experience any of the following conditions, they, sometimes, contribute to periodontal disease:

  • Being pregnant
  • Having crooked teeth
  • Having diabetes
  • Wearing a bridge that no longer fits properly
  • Taking certain medications
  • Smoking or chewing tobacco

Signs of Periodontal Disease

Just because you may be experiencing some of the following signs does not mean you have a periodontal disease. Please call Dr. Jesse Taylor at Plano Parkway Dental to schedule a dental check up to determine the specific dental problem you have, but, in general, the following list signals the possibility of periodontal disease:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Inflamed gums
  • Receding gums
  • Infected gums
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth
  • Ill-fitting dentures

How is Periodontal Disease Treated?

During your dental check up, Plano Parkway Dental looks for any signs of periodontal disease, including receding gums or inflamed gums. Timely detection of periodontal disease allows Dr. Taylor or his hygienist to begin appropriate treatment to reverse the disease. The treatment may include scaling, root planing, antibiotic therapy, and irrigation; however, in the case of a more complex periodontal disease, Dr. Taylor may need to use treatments that are further advanced.

Preventing Periodontal Disease

Your daily dental care is the first step to deter periodontal disease. You want to maintain good oral health practices by scheduling regular dental checkups, and when at home, by remembering to brush and floss regularly and eat a balanced diet. These are the first steps to preventing periodontal disease, which could result in tooth loss linked to receding and inflamed gums. You should also note that research has linked periodontal disease to other health issues, such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and strokes. Even more reasons to practice a good dental care routine.

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